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Unit 9Section AGrammar Focusstick todepend onbe downcheer sb. uphave a happy endingtry one’s bestsolve problems遵守;坚持 随…而定心情低落使某人提起精神;使某人振奋有个美满的结局尽某人全力;竭尽全能解决问题;破解难题ReviewTranslate the phrases.seem less seriousfeel much betterprovide informationplenty ofthink too muchtoo tired to do sth.shut off one’s brainsit backin timeonce in a while看上去没那么严重感觉好多了提供信息;提供资料大量;充足想太多;考虑许多太累而不能做…大脑不想事情休息;什么也不做及时偶尔地;间或What kind of music do you like?I likemusicthatI can sing along with.Rosa likesmusicthatis quiet and slow.I lovesingerswhowrite their own music.We prefermusicthathas great lyrics.What kind of movies do you like?I only likemoviesthatare funny.I prefermoviesthatgive me something to think about.I prefermoviesthatcan cheer me up.DocumentarieslikeMarch of the Penguinswhichprovide plenty of information about a certain subject can be interesting.I like to watchmoviesthatare scary.定语从句在句中作定语,用来修饰某个名词或代词,这个名词或代词叫先行词,而定语从句位于先行词的后面。用来引导定语从句的词叫做关系词。关系词分关系代词(that, which, who, whom, whose)和关系副词(when, where, why)。关系代词引导的定语从句关系词引导定语从句,指代先行词,并在从句中作一定成分,如作主语、宾语或状语等。用来引导定语从句的关系代词有that, which, who, whom, whose。本单元我们重点讲解that, who和which引导的定语从句。◆that引导的定语从句that引导定语从句时,既可以指人,也可以指物,在从句中可以作主语或宾语。He is a personthatdoes what he says.(person是先行词, that在从句中作主语)他是一个说话算数的人。The catthatI bought yesterday is ill.(cat是先行词, that在从句中作宾语)我昨天买的那只猫病了。◆who引导的定语从句who引导定语从句时只能指人,在从句中可以作主语或宾语。A friendwhohelps you when you have trouble is a real friend.(friend是先行词, who在从句中作主语)在你有困难时帮助你的朋友才是真正的朋友。   whom也可以引导定语从句,在从句中只能作宾语,有时可以和who互换,但介词后只能用whom,不能用who。He is the manwho / whomI have been looking for.= He is the man forwhomI have been looking.他就是我一直在找的人。◆which引导的定语从句which引导定语从句时,只能指物,在从句中可以作主语或宾语。I want to take away the bookwhichyou showed me yesterday.(book是先行词, which在从句中作宾语)我想带走你昨天给我看的那本书。注意:◆在由that, who和which引导的定语从句中,当它们在从句中作主语时,都不可以省略;作宾语时,都可以省略。◆介词后面只能用which或whom,不能用that或who。There are lots ofthings(that)I need to prepare before the trip.Do you knowthe girlwho / thatis singing in the classroom?This is the biggestfish(that) I have ever seen.It is the astronautwho…is a lady.is a pilot.is China’s first female astronaut.Guess quicklyIt is the singerwho…is a girl.is from Hong Kong.makes face with a fish mouth.Guess quicklyIt is the basketball playerwho…is a boy.is tall and handsome.lives in America.Guess quicklyDescribe one person in the classroom and let others guess who he / she is.Free TalkChoose words from the different columns to make sentences.I/You/He/She/We/Theylike(s)love(s)prefer-(s)food/clothes/people/music/actors/singer-s/moviesthat/which/whois/arefunny/comfortable/inexpensive/slow/sweet/salty/loud/interesting/intelligent4aadj.聪明的Choose words from the different columns to make sentences.4a1. I like clothes which are comfortable.I love food that is sweet.I prefer music that is slow.I like actors who are funny.Read Jennifer’s CD review. Then complete the sentences usingthat,whichorwho.4bIt’s the kind of music2. It’s a CDthat/which you can dance to.that/which you take to a party.3. She likes musicians4. She doesn’t like the songs5. She likes singerswho write their own lyrics.that/which are too long.who sing the words clearly.Read Jennifer’s CD review. Then complete the sentences using that, which or who.4b4cMake conversations about things you like and dislike.Pair WorkA: What kind of fruits / food/ animals do you dislike?B: I dislike …Ⅰ.用that, who, which或whom填空Alice likes singers____________write theirown music.2. Generally, old people like music_____________is quiet and gentle.3. The girl_________________you met just now in the street is my friend.4. This is the school in __________ I studied twoyears ago.5. The man with __________ my father is talking over there is our head teacher.that / whothat / whichthat / who / whomwhichwhomII.根据句意,用正确的关系代词填空。He is the man __________ is ready tohelp others.2. The girl ________________ I spoke tojust now is my friend.3. The dress ___________ you bought inthe city mall is made of silk.4. Bill likes music ___________ he cansing along with.that / whothat / who / whomthat / whichthat / which5. This is the village __________ I used tolive in.6. Women always like buying many things_____________ they don’t need at all.7. I’m studying a subject ___________ I amvery interested in.8. The girl with ________ I went shoppingyesterday is my cousin.that / whichthat / whichthat / whichwhom注意:◆关系词只能用that的情况:a.先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰,或本身是序数词、基数词、形容词最高级时,只能用that,而不用which。例如:He was thefirstperson that passed the exam.b.被修饰的先行词为all, any, much, many, everything, anything, none, the one等不定代词时,只能用that,而不用which。例如:Is thereanythingthat you want to buy in the shop?c.先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last, little, few等词修饰时,只能用that,而不用which。例如:This is thesamebike that I lost.d.先行词里同时含有人或物时,只能用that,而不用which。例如:I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.e.以who或which引导的特殊疑问句,为避免重复,只能用that。例如:Who is the girl that is crying?f.主句是there be结构,修饰主语的定语从句用that,而不用which。例如:There is a book on the desk that belongs to Tom.单项选择1. I like music_______great lyrics.A. that have B. that hasC. who have D. who has2. They are talking about things and persons_______they saw there a few days ago.A. who B. which C. that D. whatBC3. This is the highest building_______I’ve ever seen.A. which B. that C. what D. where4. I really didn’t know anything_______happened to Jim yesterday.A. which B. whose C. when D. thatBD5. --- Who is the man_______is standing over there?--- Oh, he is my math teacher.A. who B. whom C. that D. which6. The building_______is over one hundred years old is very famous here.A. which B. what C. when D. whereCA【2011山东临沂】24. Peter likes music _____ is very loud and energetic.A. that B. who C. whom D. /【解析】由句意“彼得喜欢声音大而且有力量的音乐”可知后句为定语从句。that用来指人或物,who用来指人,which用来指物。先行词为物,在句中作主语,且不可省略,用that。中考链接A【2011•株洲】Gina loves singers ______ write their own music.A. which B. who C. has worked【解析】本句意思为“吉娜喜欢自己写音乐的歌手”,后面write their own music做定语修饰singer,而which一般引导事物,who一般用于引导人,本题用于修饰singer是人,因此空格处的关系代词为who。B【2012广东】There will be a flower show in the park _____ we visited last week.A. who B. when C. what D. which【2012广西玉林】— Now many people smoke and get ill.— So we should do something ______ can help stop smoking.A. what B. who C. / D. thatDD【2012湖北黄石】I still remember the time _____ we spent together at Xisai Mountain last year.A. when B. what C. who D. which【2012广东省梅州市】Mr. Smith _____ is smoking is looking for _____ he lost yesterday.A. whom; which B. who; whatC. that; who D. which; whereDB【2013哈尔滨】--- Do you know of Guo Mingyi?--- Yes. He is an ordinary (普通的) worker ______ helps many poor children in China. We should follow his example.A. that B. which C. whom【2013湖北随州】— Do you know the man ______ is standing at the door?— Yes, I do. He's a friend of _____.A. when; I B. who; mineC. that; me D. which; myAB【2014河南】 “Underground” is the only word in the English language _______ begins and ends with the letters “und”.           A. what          B. that            C. who         D. whom【2014德州】—What are you looking for?  —I’m looking for the CD and EXO _______ I bought yesterday.             A. that           B. who        C. whose        D. whenBA

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