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Unit 8Section BPeriod 2 (2a — 3b)run aftersomething strangerun for exercisecatch a busbe late for workmake a movie跟在…后面跑;追赶…奇怪的事情跑步锻炼身体赶公共汽车上班迟到拍电影ReviewTranslate the phrases.用must或can的适当形式填空。The boy who is playing football on the playground _____ be Harry. He doesn’t come to school today.2. There ________ be someone in the classroom because the light is on.3. Many people go to Sanya to travel. It ____ be a beautiful place.4. You _____________ talk with each other during the exam, or you will be asked to leave.can’tmustmustmustn’t / can’tReview根据汉语意思和括号中的英文提示完成句子。 1.她一定有二十多岁了。(must be)2.那双鞋不可能是我姐姐的,因为她不喜欢红色。(can’t be)She must be over / more than twenty years old.That pair of shoes can’t be my sister’s because she doesn’t like red.Read the sentences below, paying attention to theunderlinedparts.It was snowing, and so I could not go out.As I am very tired, I am going to bed.   I study because I want to learn.Since it is late, I shall go home now.   The watch was cheap, but it goes quite well.We all tried our best. However,we lost the game.7.Though the task was difficult, they managed to finish it on time.8. We mustnot onlyfinish our taskbut alsodo it well.9. You can go by air or by train.10. I was reading a magazine when he came in. 11.While Mary was writing a letter, the children were playing outside.连词是一种连接词与词、短语与短语以及句与句的虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接作用。表示前因后果的连词有:so(所以)等;表示原因的连词有:because, since, as等;表示意义转折的连词有:but, however, though;not only … but also表示递进意义,“不仅…而且”;表示选择关系的连词有:or (或者;还是);表示两个动作同时进行的连词有:when, while等。2aMatch each linking word or phrase with its purpose.Linking word or phrasePurpose of linking word or phrasesoas, because, sincebut, however, thoughnot only … but alsoorwhen, whileexpressing a differencegiving a choiceexpressing a resultexpressing two things happening at the same timegiving reasonsadding informationHave you ever heard of Stonehenge?Where is it?Why is it famous?Free Talk2bSkim the article and underline the sentences with linking words or phrases.not only … but also, as,however, because,As, but, or,because, but, And, but, andHow many people visit Stonehenge every year?Who is Paul Stocker?Do people think it hard to build Stonehenge? Why?Read the article again and answer the questions.More than 750,000 visitors.He is a historian.Yes, because the stones are so big and heavy.2cRead the article again and completethe chart.Mysteries about StonehengeHow was it built?Who built it?What Stonehenge might have been used for …What was it used for? / Why was it built?as a temple where ancient leaders tried to communicate with the godsa kind of calendarhave a medical purposemight be a burial place or a place to honor ancestorscelebrate a victory over an enemy3. Some people think the rocks can ________ stop people from becoming ill _______ keep them healthy.4. We don’t know who built Stonehenge _____ how it was built.5. Historians think Stonehenge was built about 5,000 years ago; ________, they are not sure.Midsummer day is in June ______ a lot of people go to Stonehenge during this month.The sun shines straight into the Stonehenge _____ the stones were put in a special position.2dComplete the sentences using the words from the chart in2a.andasnot onlybut alsoandhoweverWhat other mysteries can you think of?What do you know about them?What is mysterious about them?Buildings with Mysterious OriginsNan Madol(南马都尔)Nan Madol is a ruined city next to the eastern shore of the island of Pohnpei. It is the only known ancient city ever built on top of a coral reef. Skarabrae (斯卡拉布雷)It is a stone-built  settlement. It is the best preserved groups of prehistoric houses in Western Europe. Older than Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids, it has been called the "Scottish Pompeii" because of its excellent preservation.Buildings with Mysterious OriginsNewport tower(纽波特塔)It is a round stone tower located in Touro Park in Newport, Rhode Island (USA). It is commonly considered to have been built in the mid-17th century. It is one of this country's longest enduring architectural enigmas (谜).Buildings with Mysterious OriginsStatues of Easter Island(复活节岛巨石像)Easter Island is in the southern Pacific Ocean, 2,300 miles west of the coast. Easter Island is only 15 miles long and 10 miles wide. It is covered with hundreds of giant statutes, each weighing several tons and some standing more than 30 feet tall. It has even been suggested that space aliens may have played a role regarding these giant statues.Buildings with Mysterious OriginsOlmec colossal heads(奥尔梅克巨型头像)Olmec colossal heads (1500 BC to 400 BC) were huge statues of heads made by the Olmecs, the earliest known civilization of Mexico. They are amongst the most mysterious and debated artifacts from the ancient world.Buildings with Mysterious OriginsPuma Punku (普玛彭古)Puma Puncu is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, Bolivia. The processes and technologies involved in the creation of these temples are still not fully understood by modern scholars.Buildings with Mysterious Origins3aRead through the article in 3a on page59 again. What do you think the noisescould be? List all your ideas.What could the noise be?Why do you think so?Someone could be playing tricks on people.The noise could be two cats fighting.3. …He might just want to scare people.The woman saw something running away.…3bLook at this newspaper headlineand finish the article about thestrange happenings.Sample writing:No More Mystery in the NeighborhoodLast week, in a quiet neighborhood, something strange happened. Residents heard noises in the night but no one knew why. Victor Smith thought that it was teenagers having fun while Mrs. Smith and neighbor, Helen Jones, blamed it on animals.We now know what was happening in the neighborhood. A ranger’s station is being built in the nearby forest.Trees had to be cut down to make space for the station. This affected some animals living in the forest. A raccoon family lost their home and had problems finding food. The raccoons discovered food in the neighborhood’s garbage bins, so they came back every night.Now the mystery is solved. People in the neighborhood feel sorry for the raccoons and they are trying to help them.historical placesreceive more than 750,000 visitorspoint outin a certain wayon midsummer’s morningshine intoprevent illnessa burial place历史遗迹接待75万多参观者指出;解释以某种方式在仲夏的清晨照进……预防疾病墓地SummaryTranslate the phrases.celebrate a victoryhonor ancestorsover a long period of timea group of volunteerskeep sb. healthyfor a special purpose庆祝胜利缅怀/纪念祖先经过好长时间一群志愿者使某人保持健康用于特殊用途;有特殊目的Language points1.not only … but also不仅……而且not only … but also连接的两个部分通常必须是对称的并列成分,例如连接两个主语、连接两个状语等等。Not onlyMr Linbut alsohis sonwent on the trip.不仅林先生而且他的儿子都去旅行了。I not onlyplaytennis but alsopracticeshooting.我不仅打网球,还练习射击。He plays not onlythe pianobut alsothe violin.他不仅弹钢琴,也拉小提琴。They speak English not onlyin classbut alsoin the dormitory.他们不仅在课堂上说英语,在宿舍里也说。注意:not only ... but (also) ...连接两个 分句,当not only位于句首,前一个 分句常用部分倒装来表示强调,而but (also)后的分句仍用陈述语序。Not onlyis this young man cleverbuthe isalsohardworking.1)汤姆是我们班最好的学生。他不但学习上严格要求自己,而且乐于帮助别人。Tom is the top student in our class. He ______________________________________________________________________________________.2)他不仅擅长体育,唱歌也不错。He is _________ doing well in sports _________ good at singing.is not only strict with himself in his study but also ready to help others完成句子。not only but also2. Every year itreceivesmore than 750,000 visitors.receive在这里是“接待”的意思She was warmly received.   她受到热情地接待。We received a warm welcome.   我们受到热烈欢迎。He went to the door to receive his visitors.  他到门口去接待客人。receive还有“接到;收到”的意思I was on vacation last week and didn’t receive your letter.上星期我正在度假,没收到你们的信。I didn't buy the book. I received it from the writer as a gift.这本书不是我买的,而是作者送给我的礼物。We received him into our family as a son.我们收他为养子。receive a letter from sb.相当于hear from sb.receive与accept的区别receive表示客观上收到某物,而accept则表示主观上的接受。 例如:I received an expensive gift from my friend yesterday, but I did not accept it.昨天我收到了朋友的一件贵重礼物, 但我并没有接受它。知识链接3. For many years, historians believed Stonehenge was a templewhereancient leaders tried to communicate with the gods.where ancient leaders tried to communicate with the gods是where引导的定语从句,修饰名词temple。The bookshopwhere I bought this bookis not far from here.我买这本书的那个书店离这里不远。This is the housewhere I lived two years ago.这就是我两年前住的那个房子。leadern.领导;领袖;领先的人He’s a follower, not a leader.他是追随者,不是领导者。Which football team is the leader in the football championship?现在哪只球队在足球锦标赛中领先?动词lead (带领) +名词后缀-er4.point out指出;指明I must point out what you said is incorrect.  我必须指出,你所讲的情况不正确。Can you point out the church in this picture?  你能在这张图上指出教堂吗?Point out the mistake in this sentence, please.  请指出这句话中的错误。point to,point at, point out的区别point at侧重表示指向距离较近的事物;point to则侧重表示指向距离较远的事物,to是介词,着重于指的方向。Don’t point at the words while you are reading.He pointed to the house on the other side of the river and said, “That’s my home.”point out表示的是给某人指示方向、要点或错误等,意为“指出”,out是副词。知识链接5.prevent illness预防疾病preventv.阻止;阻挠It is the job of the police to prevent crime.防止犯罪是警察的职责。Nothing can prevent us (from) carrying out the plan.什么也无法阻挡我们去实施这个计划。What can we do to prevent this disease (from) spreading?   我们能做什么来阻止这种疾病蔓延呢?stop / keep / prevent sb. from doing三者都表示“阻止某人做某事”的意思”,一般情况下可以通用。用法上的差别:在主动式中, stop sb. from doing sth.和prevent sb. from doing sth.中的from可以省略,但keep sb. from doing sth.中的from不能省略,因为keep sb. doing sth.意思为让某人一直做某事。在被动式中三个词组中的from都不能省。知识链接6. … you can feel energy from your feet move up your body, …energyn.精力;力量Young people usually have more energy than the old.青年人通常比老年人精力充沛。Don't waste your time and energy on trifles.别把你的时间和精力浪费在琐事上。He gave a speech on the use of solar energy.他就太阳能的利用作了一场演讲。 energeticadj.精力旺盛的;能量的7. …, but most agree that the position of the stones must be for a special purpose.positionn.位置;地方Can you find our position on this map?你能在这幅地图上找到我们的位置吗?I can tell the time from the position of the sun.我可以从太阳的位置知道时刻。The position of manager is still open.经理职位仍然空缺。The company is in a difficult position now.这家公司现在正处于困难境况。in position在适当的位置out of position不在适当的位置One of the cups is out of position. Put it back in position.有只杯子位置不对,把它放在适当的位置。positionv.安置;定位知识链接position, place都可表示“位置”,其区别是:place是表示地点的普通词语; position用于表示与其他地点相对而言的某个位置。例如:I'll show you theplacewhere I was born.我来带你看看我的出生地。He drew a plan showing thepositionof all furniture in the room.他画了一张图,显示房间里所有家具的位置。知识链接8. Stonehenge was built slowly over a long period of time.periodn.一段时间;时期We lived in Beijing for a period.   我们在北京住过一段时间。The work must be completed within a two-month period.   工作须于两个月内完成。It was the most glorious period of the Roman Empire.   这段时期是罗马帝国最辉煌的时期。period, age, generation这三个词的共同意思是“时期”。其区别是:period是这组词中最一般的常用术语,用于任何时限,时间可长可短;age意为“时代,寿命”,常用来表示以一个中心人物或显著特征而闻名的时期;generation意为“代、世代”,用于上辈出世与下辈出世之间的时段,对人类来说这段时间有时可算作20年或25年,也可用于下辈本身。知识链接Theperiodin which people learnt to make tools of iron is called the IronAge.人类学会用铁制造工具的时代,我们称为“铁器时代”。Mygenerationbehaves differently from my father's and grandfather's.我这一代人和我父辈及祖辈表现不同。

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