Unit 1FriendshipPre-reading and readingAdd up your scoreandsee how many points you get.and为并列连词，连接句子祈使句以动词开头，主语为第二人称and与orHurry upandyou will catch the bus.Hurry uporyou will miss the bus.and表示顺向关系…，就能…or表示转折关系，…，否则…①add…to…给…加上②add to增加,添加③add up合计,加起来④add up to总计达,总共有(1)Will you add more sugar _____________?(2)His whole school education___________ only one year.(3)His illness _________the family’s trouble.(4)We have planted flowers and green trees around the buildings, which___ the beauty of the city.add to. B. add up.C. add up to. D. are added toadded toto the coffeeadded up toget it repairedget sth. done请人做某事(非亲自动手) =have sth. done1上周我去城里剪头发了.Last week I went to the town to _________________.get / have my hair cut.2爸爸明天要去检查身体.Tomorrow Daddy will________________________.have/ get himself examinedExercises让某人一直做某事让某人做某事让某人一直做某事让某人做某事get sb. doing sth.get sb. to do sth.have sb. doing sth.have sb. do sth.…make her diary her best friend make +宾语+宾补1安妮把他的日记当做最好的朋友。2这个有趣的故事使他很高兴。3他们把房子收拾得干净而整洁。4他们让男孩站在树下。5老师讲的很慢，以便能让学生理解他。(in order to )Anne made her diary her best friend.The interesting story made him very happy.They have made the house clean and tidy.They made the boy stand under the tree.The teacher spoke very slowly in order to make herself understood.Tell him/her that he/sheshould have studied….你告诉他他本来应该学习，…should have done过去本应该做某事而实际上没有做，含有责备的意思You shouldn’t have left without saying good-bye.shouldn’t have done过去本不应该做某事而实际上做了，含有责备的意思。Go through1 These countries havegone throughtoo many wars.2 It took us a whole week togo throughthe forest.To my joy, she hasgone throughall the exams.3 I had justgone throughthe work when the telephone rang.4 You must ____ your papers before you hand them in.A. go down. B. go across. C. go out. D. go through.经历，经受穿过，通过完成，做完仔细检查Dgo词组go byAs the timewent by, people would get older.Citizens shouldgo bythe traffic rules.go afterWhen I first saw her, I fell in love with her. Therefore, I was determined togo afterher.go againstDon’tgo againstthe teacher’s will, or you won’t know what she do next.go overStudents are supposed togo overthe notes after class.go aroundI used togo aroundwith a bad crowd.There are a lot of bugsgoing aroundthe school.There are plenty of gossipgoing aroundthe village.go upOur rent hasgone upby almost 20%.set down1 She listened carefully andset downevery word he said.2.He was asked toset downthe facts in the notebook.3.Heset downthe heavy boxes and rested for a while .写下，记下放下，卸下set upAfter graduating from the college, students set up a big company.set off for…They’llset off forBeijing tomorrow.set out to do sth.=set about doing sth.学生们着手为考试做准备。Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to,likeyour deepest feelings and thoughts?like为介词= such asYou want a friendYouwanta friendYoucould telleverything to缺少宾语a friendwhom从句起到修饰作用，修饰前面的名词a friend.定语从句I wonder if it is because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I have grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.I wonder if/whether我想知道是否我想知道我们是否还能见面。I wonder if /whether we could meet again.状语从句主句I have grown so crazy about everything to do with nature because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long.It is ….that我不知道这是不是因为我很久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。It is…that强调句结构：It is +强调部分+ that +剩余句子部分我昨天在街上遇见了TomI met Tom in the street yesterday.强调主语强调宾语强调地点状语强调时间状语不能强调动词It wasIthatmet Tom in the street yesterday.It wasTomthatI met in the street yesterday.It wasin the streetthatI met Tom yesterday.It wasyesterdaythatI met Tom in the street.I canwellremember thatthere was a timewhena deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept mespellbound.我记得很清楚，以前，湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花，从未令我心迷神往过。spellbind v.吸引人；迷人when引导的定语从句（划线部分）修饰句中的time there was a time曾经，以前1 in order to / so as to1).为了看清楚我带上了眼镜。2).为了取得进步，他学习努力了。I put on my glasses in order to /so as to see it clearly,In order to make progress, he worked hard.2 so that/ in order that +句子1)I put on my glasses _______ I can seeitclearly.2)为了让学生听懂， 老师讲得很慢。The teacher spoke slowly ____________ the students could understand him.Another time five months ago,I happened to beupstairs at dusk when the window was open． 还有一次，就在五个月前的一天黄昏，我碰巧在楼上，窗户是开着的。happen的后面如果接动词不定式，表示的是一种巧合，意为“碰巧，恰好”；如果不定式所表示的动作正在进行或已经完成，可用动词不定式的进行式或完成式表示。如：I happened to be out when he dropped in．他来拜访时我碰巧外出了。She happened to have heard of the story． 她碰巧听说过这件事情。【联想学习】Sb happened to do sth的句式有时也可用It happened that表示。如上面两句也可写为：It happened that I was out when he dropped in．It happened that she had heard of the story．It was the first time in a year and a half that I had seen the night face to face.某人第几次做某事Itisthe second time that Tomhas beentoBeijing.Itwasthe second time that Tomhad beento Beijing.这是我第二次去北京。那是我第二次去北京。It is/was +the+序数词+time+that+主语+完成时态I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtainshanging before very dusty windows.hanging before very dusty windows现在分词短语作定语,修饰curtains.相当于一个定语从句which hung beforevery dusty windows.我只能透过肮脏的窗帘看大自然,窗帘悬挂在沾满灰尘的窗前。Goodbye!