【www.5ykj.com - 莲山课件】Nanyin Music Nanyin Music (Southern Music) is one of the oldest existing music genres (流派) in China, which has existed for 1,000 years. It is also known as “string and pipe music” or “Quanzhou Nanyin Music” (Quanzhou is a developed historical city in Southeast China’s Fujian Province)． Nanyin Music originated from(起源于)royal palace music, and later established itself in South China when the court musicians migrated (迁移) to the south. Beginning from the Western and Eastern Han Dynasties (from 207 BC), and especially during the Tang Dynasty (618—907)，people in Central China (mainly the area around the present Henan Province) immigrated to the Minnan Area (South Fujian, where Quanzhou is located) to escape the civil wars. They brought along their music culture, which later combined the local folk music, and became a new music genre: Nanyin Music. ①Combining_various_music_elements,_including_the_local_Kun_Opera,_Nanyin_Music_is_a_beautiful_music_genre_that_is_soft_and_smooth. For this reason, it became a perfect way for those people who had traveled far away from home to express their sad feelings of homesickness in ancient times. It was usually played in palaces, temples and theaters. Nanyin Music songs are sung in the local dialect (方言) of South Fujian, and the tunes retain lots of ancient words from Central China. ②Nanyin_Music_is_mainly_performed_using_traditional_Chinese_musical_instruments_including_Dong_Xiao_which_is_usually_60_cm_long_and_has_ten_holes_and_nine_sections. The tone is quite deep and rich.