2017届中考英语语法专题:形容词和副词(课件+练习)

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课件简介:
  • 课件名称: 2017届中考英语语法专题:形容词和副词(课件+练习)
  • 课件科目: 九年级英语课件
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  • 更新时间: 2017年01月08日
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第二节 形容词和副词比较等级
贵阳五年中考命题规律及趋势

考纲要求 1.形容词(包括比较级和最高级) 2.副词(包括比较级和最高级)    
考查点 年份 题号 考查角度 选项设置 分值
形容词     
比较等级     
2016     
88 形容词比较级 good→better 1分  
68 形容词最高级 weakest/laziest/strongest 1分  
2015 60 形容词比较级 older/better/worse 1分 
2014 34 形容词比较级 more outgoing/very outgoing/the most outgoing 1分 
2013     
41 形容词比较级 larger/smaller/fatter 1分  
94 形容词最高级 good→best 1分  
2012     
31 形容词比较级 better/best/a__better/the best 1分  
91 形容词比较级 tall→taller 1分  
副词比     
较等级     
2015 63 副词比较级 faster/slower/happier 1分 


贵阳中考单项选择对形容词和副词比较等级的考查较多,且偏向形容词的比较等级及形容词和副词比较等级的混合辨析。选项设置多为同一词根的不同等级混合辨析,且语境的设置都会出现一些提示性词语,如:of all,than,in,much等。句子的设置多为两个单句,词数为9~12。
预测2017年贵阳中考的单项选择或完形填空可能会考查一道形容词或副词的比较级。
 

贵阳中考重难点突破
 
 
【满分点拨】
形容词、副词比较等级的构成
1.形容词、副词比较等级的一般变化规则
规则变化的形容词和副词的比较级和最高级

构成方法 原级 比较级 最高级
一般单音节词末尾加­er,­est small  
fast   
quick smaller  
faster   
quicker smallest  
fastest   
quickest   
以不发音的e结尾的单音节词加­r,­st nice  
fine nicer  
finer nicest  
finest   
以辅音字母+y结尾的双音节单词,先把y变为i,再加­er,­est early  
happy earlier  
happier earliest  
happiest   
以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节的单词,双写末尾的字母再加­er,­est red  
big   
thin redder  
bigger   
thinner reddest  
biggest   
thinnest   
部分双音节词或多音节词在原级前加more,most interesting  
important more interesting  
more   
important most interesting  
most important   
  2.常见不规则变化的形容词和副词

原级 比较级 最高级
good/well better best
bad/badly worse worst
many/much more most
little less least
far farther/further farthest/furthest
old older/elder oldest/eldest

3.形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的用法

句型 意义 例句
as+形  
容词/  
副词原  
级+as  
两者比较,程度相同。“as…as”结构前可以带表示程度的状语,像quite,almost,half,twice,nearly等 This book is almost/nearly as thick as that one.这本书几乎同那本一样厚。 
His ability is not half as high as yours.他的能力不及你的一半。  
如果形容词修饰单数可数名词,应用as+形容词/副词原级+a(n)+可数名词单数形式+as Tom is as good a person as his uncle.汤姆和他叔叔一样是好人。 
This is just as good an example as the other one.这个例子和另外那个一样好。  
如果指同一个人或物,应译为“不但……而且……” Li Mei is as beautiful as she is clever.李梅不但漂亮而且聪明。 
not as(so)+形容词/  
副词原级+as 两者相比,一方不及另一方 This village isn't as(so)big as that one.这个村子没有那个村子大。
I didn't do my homework as carefully as you.我做作业不如你仔细。  
形容词(副词)比较级+than 两者进行比较 The sun is bigger than the earth.太阳比地球大。
She usually gets up earlier than others.她通常比别人起得早。  
比较级+and+比较级 越来越……,多音节的用more and more+形容词或副词原级 She is growing fatter and fatter.她越来越胖了。
Our country is becoming more and more beau­tiful.我们的国家越来越美了。  
续表

句型 意义 例句
the+比较级,  
the+比较级 越……,越……,如果“the+比较级”修饰名词作定语,名词要紧跟在比较级之后 The busier the old man is,the happier he feels.那位老人越忙越高兴。
The more,the better.越多越好。  
The more money he gets,the more he wants.他得到的钱越多越想要。  
具体数字(如倍数)+as…as… 是……的……倍 The city is two times as big as my hometown.这个城市是我的家乡的2倍。
具体数字、实物、倍数等+比较级+than 形容词与具体倍数等的比较 He is a head taller than I.他比我高一个头。
This city is three times larger than that one.这座城市比那座城市大三倍。  
形容词最高级+介词短语(比较范围) (三者或三者以上)最……的 He is the tallest boy in our class.他是我们班里最高的男孩。
副词最高级+介词短语(比较范围) (三者或三者以上)最……的 He works hardest in his class.他是班上学习最用功的一个。
【考点抢测】
一、词语运用。
1.This place is not big enough for Lucy's birthday party.We should find a __bigger__(big) one.
2.I work hard this term,but Peter works much __harder__(hard).
3.This T­shirt is not large enough.Please show me a __larger__(large) one.
4.Yao Ming is __the__tallest__ (tall)Chinese basketball player that ever played in NBA.
5.Playing computer games is __the__most__interesting__(interesting) of all the activities.
二、单项选择。
( C )6.We lost the match because they had ______ players.They had eleven and we had only nine!
A.less  B.much  C.more
( C )7.Things are ________ on the moon than on the earth.
A.much heavier     B.the heaviest
C.much lighter
( B )8.In the talent show,I performed well and Ann did even ________.
A.well  B.better  C.more
( A )9.Most kids would say sports games are the ________ things in a school.They feel very excited.
A.happiest  B.easiest  C.worst
( C )10.It will be ________ if you buy a return ticket on the train when you travel in England.
A.much cheap     B.more cheaply
C.much cheaper
( B )11.Tom writes ________ than us,so he can get good grades in writing.
A.most carefully     B.more carefully
C.less careful
( C )12.Someone says“Time is money”.But I think time is ________ important than money.
A.less     B.much
C.even more
( C )13.You should do more exercise,or you'll become ________.
A.more strongly and strongly
B.better and better
C.weaker and weaker
( C )14.Lucy does her homework ________ than Tim.
A.carefully     B.more careful
C.more carefully
( C )15.A 100­year­old man ran a marathon in Toronto on Sunday.He became the ______ person to complete the long­distance running in the world.
A.old  B.older  C.oldest
( C )16.The population problem may be one of ______ problems in the world today.
A.great     B.more great
C.the greatest
( C )17.—Can you tell me why you learn English so well?
—It's very simple.__________ you work,________ grades you will get.
A.The harder;the best
B.The hard;the better
C.The harder;the better
( A )18.Is this kind of pet ________ a pet dog these days?
A.as lovely as
B.more lovelier than
C.much lovely than
( C )19.Pudong International Airport is one of ______ airports in the world.
A.big     B.bigger
C.the biggest