2017届中考英语语法专题:动词(课件和练习)

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课件简介:
  • 课件名称: 2017届中考英语语法专题:动词(课件和练习)
  • 课件科目: 九年级英语课件
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  • 更新时间: 2017年01月08日
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第二节 动词短语


贵阳五年中考命题规律及趋势

考查点 年份 题号 考查角度 选项设置 分值
动词短语     
2016     
65 动词短语辨析 put up/turn__down/cut off 1分  
91 选词填空 take__place 1分  
2015     
33 动词短语辨析 don't__be__late/keep quiet/no eating 1分  
41 up短语辨析 look it up/clean them up/cheer__him__up 1分  
45 down短语辨析 turn down/put down/cut__down 1分  
65 动词短语辨析 hand up/show off/catch__up 1分  
69 down短语辨析 knock__down/broke down/went down 1分  
2014     
38 out短语辨析 look out it/work__it__out/give it out 1分  
56 up短语辨析 wake__up/hurry up/give up 1分  
58 动词短语辨析 climbed up/looked__down/ran away 1分  
59 动词短语辨析 climbing ladders/cleaning__windows/opening   
the door 1分    
2013     
37 动词短语辨析 takes__after/takes out/takes away 1分  
39 get短语辨析 get__in/get up/get on 1分  
68 talk短语辨析 talk__with/talk about/talk aloud 1分  
2012     
42 up短语辨析 fix__up/set up/put up 1分  
58 fall短语辨析 fell off/fell__into/fell down 1分  
63 动词短语辨析 drive a car/take flying lessons/fly__a__plane 1分  
70 get短语辨析 got__in/got on/got__out 1分  
  贵阳中考单项选择题对动词短语的考查主要偏向get,fall,up,out,down等短语。考查形式主要集中在三个方面:①同一动词+不同介词,如2012年58题的fall短语;②不同动词+同一介词,如2015年45题的down短语;③不同动词+不同介词,如2015年的65题。设题形式为简单句,词数多为9~13。预测2017年贵阳中考的单项选择、完形填空题仍会考查动词短语辨析,另外词语应用中,从方框中选词填空也会涉及动词短语辨析的考查。


贵阳中考重难点突破
 
  动词短语
【满分点拨】
动词短语在意义上相当于一个实义动词。动词短语辨析是近年来各省市中考常考点,同一个动词与不同介词或副词的搭配、不同动词与同一个介词或副词的搭配会产生不同意义的动词短语。动词短语的词义辨析试题旨在通过题干或微型语境考查考生对上下文的理解、动词短语的不同搭配识别、记忆及动词短语词义的辨析并恰当运用动词短语的能力。
分析贵阳近5年中考真题可看出单项选择对动词短语的考查主要集中在三方面:
(1)同一动词+不同介词;(2)不同动词+同一介词;(3)不同动词+不同介词。
A.同一动词+不同介词。如:
get短语:get up,get off,get to,get in
turn短语:turn on,turn off,turn up,turn down
B.不同动词+同一介词。如:
cut down,look down,turn down,put down
put up,get up,look up,wake up
C.不同动词+不同介词。如:
put on,take off,look for,cut down
【考点抢测】
( C )1.—It's hot today,isn't it?
—Yes,it is.Why not ________ your jacket?
A.take care     B.take place
C.take off
( C )2.To keep healthy,many people ______ every day.
A.take a shower  B.take pride
C.take exercise
( C )3.I have ________ my watch everywhere.But I cannot find it.
A.looked at  B.looked up
C.looked for
( A )4.Again and again the doctor ________ the crying baby girl but he couldn't find out what was wrong with her.
A.looked over  B.looked after
C.looked for
( C )5.There aren't many tickets left for the con­cert,so you'd better ________ that you get one today.
A.make sure of  B.make a decision
C.make sure
( C )6.The firemen soon ________ the big fire.
A.put off  B.put up
C.put out
( C )7.The Olympic Games of 2016________ in Brazil.
A.took after  B.took off
C.took place
( C )8.We'll ________ an English play Snow White during this year's Art Festival.
A.look up  B.look out
C.put on
( C )9.Because of the bad weather,we have to ________ the meeting till next week.
A.take off  B.get off
C.put off
( A )10.My bike is broken.Could you help me to ________?
A.fix it up  B.set it up
C.make it up
( C )11.The heavy snow didn't ________ the international airlines.
A.pay attention to  B.add to
C.make a difference to
( B )12.This morning I ________ some new restaurants on the Internet for I wanted to take Mia to a nice restaurant for her birthday.
A.picked up  B.looked up
C.cleaned up
( C )13.—Alice,could you help me ________ the meat?I want to make some dumplings for dinner.
—OK.I'll do it right away.
A.put up  B.give up
C.cut up
( B )14.Don't ________ so often.It's bad for your health.
A.get up  B.stay up
C.look up
( C )15.He failed in the math test and looked sad.Let's ________.
A.put him up  B.set him up
C.cheer him up
( A )16.More and more students ________ too much homework and they are really tired of it.
A.complain about  B.care about
C.learn about
( A )17.It's cold outside.________ your sweater before you go out.
A.Put on  B.Turn on
C.Put up
( B )18.The people in Ya'an have met lots of
difficulties,but they haven't ________ hope.
A.picked up  B.given up
C.looked for
( B )19.I am too tired.I don't know how to ______ the problem.
A.care about  B.deal with
C.depend on