2017届中考英语题型专题:听力部分(课件和练习)

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  • 课件名称: 2017届中考英语题型专题:听力部分(课件和练习)
  • 课件科目: 九年级英语课件
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  • 更新时间: 2017年01月08日
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第三编 中考题型攻略篇
第一讲 听力部分
 ,怀化五年中考命题规律及趋势

年份 题型 题号 分值 总分
2016    
第一节 对话理解(听5段小对话,选择正确答案) 5 5分  
第二节 对话和短文理解(听4段长对话和一段独白,选择正确答案) 15 15分 2 0 分 
2015
|
2012    
第一节 听句子选图画 5 5分  
第二节 听对话选答案(5段小对话和2段长对话) 10 10分  
第三节 听短文填信息表(每空不超过3个词) 5 5分 20分 
  怀化中考近5年听力技能总分均设为20分,2012,2013,2014和2015年都设有三节:第一节听句子选图画(5题);第二节听对话选答案[其中有5段小对话和2段长对话(共10题)];第 三节听材料(短文),填信息表(5题)。而2016年只设有两节:第一节对话理解(听5段小对话,选答案);第二节对话或短文理解(听4段长对话和1段独白选答案)。
 ,解题方法与技巧
中考英语听力测试题的解题技巧:“外语是学会的,不是教会的”。英语听力也是如此,听力水平的提高,不能一蹴而就,而是一个日积月累、相当复杂的过程,要以学生整体语言能力的提高为基础,加以科学的学习方法和训练方法,在教师的正确指导下,并经过长期不懈的努力训练,才能产生令人满意的效果。

一、要保持良好的心态
心理紧张主要出现在测试或大型考试中,由于求胜心切,又怕不适应考试的内容和语速,心里总感到被动、没有把握,从而产生过度紧张的心理。结果是越想听懂越听不懂,越听不懂心理越紧张,脑子出现暂时的空白,造成“一步跟不上,步步跟不上”的被动局面。这种情况不要说几分钟,哪怕是几秒钟,对信息的摄入也会出现断层,导致无法正确理解所听材料。所以学生必须保持平静放松的心态答题。也就是说,在考试前要尽力调整好自己的情绪:沉着、冷静、自信,保持良好的心境和清醒的头脑,才能最大限度地调动大脑的潜能,充分发挥自己的正常水平。
二、眼疾脑快,迅速审题
尽管命题者设计试题时要考 查学生对于语言材料的理解程度,但题干中往往渗透出该段材料的主题或大概意思。因此学生要充分利用发卷后放录音前的那一段时间或答每一道题的空闲时间抢读试题的题干选项内容,找出共同点和不同点,做到心中有数,以便确定听录音的重点,有针对性地听录音。尤其是对“3W1H”即时间(When)、地点(Where)、人物(Who/Whose/Whom)、情节(How)要听得准确、反应快、判断迅速。例如下面这道中考题:听句子选出句子中所包含的信息:A.American.B.Australia.C.America.当学生读完这三个选项之后就可以把重点放在听具体的地点上了。又如:A.This afternoon.B.Sunday afternoon.C.Saturday afternoon.就可以把重点放在时间上。在做短文听力题时,学生还要充分利用预测的技巧。有很多题根本用不着听录音,只要你看完所有的题干找出关键词,通过串联、联想、分析,从最后的题往前推,再根据自己平时掌握的常识,就可以推断出正确的答案。例如:听短文,选择正确答案。
1.Mr.Brown likes buying________.
A.clocks   B.stamps   C.clothes
2.Mr.Brow n has got________clocks now.
A.3,000  B.300  C.350
3.Does Mrs.Brown have the same hobby as Mr.Brown?.
A.No,she doesn't.
B.Yes,she does.
C.We don't know.
4.Which of the following is right?
A.Mr.Brown cleans the clocks every day.
B.Mr.Brown repairs the clocks every day.
C.The clocks are cleaned by Mrs.Brown every day.
5.What's Mrs.Brown's trouble?
A.She can't do the cleaning well.
B.She doesn't know the exact time at all.
C.The clocks make noise only at night,so she can't sleep well.
我们从第2小题的题目中的clock马上可以推断出第1小题的答案应为A。而且,clock还多次出现在第4、5小题的选项中。从中,我们还可以推断第3小题的答案可能是A,而第5小题的答案可能是B,因为Mrs.Brown不喜欢clock,才会给她带来trouble,而这个trouble可能就是“She doesn't know the exact time at all.”。因此,在做听力试题时,审题是非常重要的。
三、听写结合,重点记录
在听对话和短文时,由于内容较多,容易造成前边听,后边忘,所以有必要一边听一边在草稿纸上或选项旁边做记录,写下录音中的姓名、地 址、数字等关键内容。特别是用数字表示的时间、年龄、价格等。这样在答题时凭借这些记录进行分析、判断、计算等就容易多了。
1.要善于做简要笔记,要眼、耳、心并用。
例如:A.9 years.  B.19 years.  C.6 years.
原文是这样的:
W:This is a picture of mine with my brother and sister.
M:Is your brother older than your sister?
W:Yes,much older.He is 26.
M:And how old is your sister?
W:She's 17.
M:That's a big difference.
Q:What is the age difference between her brother and sister?
原文中出现了26、17两个数字,我们把这两个数字记录下来,再根据题意很容易作出选择。在听的同时,随时在选项旁边做记录,问题就 轻松得到解决了。
2.做记录时还可以运用简单的数字、代号、缩号等符号,以简易为主,看懂就行。
如:Peter is older than Jack,but Tom is the youngest of the three.
Question:Who is the oldest of the three?
我们作出简单记号:T<J<P,过后寻找答案就一目了然了。
3.要留心句中的“路标”。英语句子中的but,and等关联词可以看成是听力道路上的路标。如:
—Do you go to school by bike?
—Yes,I often go to school by bike,but today,I go there by bus.
Question:How does the man go to school today?
只要听者耐心听but后的内容,很容易得到答案。
四、把握文章的整体意思
考试时听到陌生的词或词组,要一带而过,把思维高度集中在整体意思上,把握整体文章的中心思想和重点内容。一定要注意整体理解,把握住说话者要表达的真正意思。注意首句和首段,它们往往会阐明讲话的目的和主要内容,对整段话或整篇文章起着概括或提示作用。
另外,在听力测试结束后,先不要急着去做笔试试题,更不应该等笔试试题做完之后再检查听力答案,而应趁热打铁,对整个听力试卷进行检查。如果发现有明显的笔误,可以改正。一般情况下不要轻易改动答案,因为第一印象往往是正确。
◆现学现用
第一节 对话理解
听下面五段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读两遍。
听力材料:
1.M:Jim, if you visit your sister, what will you give her?
W:En, I will I bring her a flower.
2.W:What's your favorite sport,Tom?
M:Oh, I like playing soccer best.
3.W:Do you live in a small house , Bob?
M:No, I live in an apartment  with my parents.
4.M:Why are you standing here,Betty?
W:I'm waiting for my brother, he's going to take me to a cinema.
5.W:Is Jim singing in the classroom?
M:No, he is reading in the library.
( A )1.What will Jim give his sister?
A.  B.  C.
( B )2.What's Tom's favorite sport?
A.  B.  C.
( A )3.Whom does Bob live with?
A.His parents.  B.His grandparents.
C.His uncle.
( C )4.Where will Betty and her brother go?
A.A zoo.  B.A park.  C.A cinema.
( A )5.What i s Jim doing?
A.He is reading.   B.He is singing.
C.He is writing.
第二节
听下面五段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第六段材料,回答第6至7题。
听力材料:
 M:Are these your friends, May?
W:Yes. They are Sally and Han Meimei.
M:Wow, they look the same.
W:No, not really. Sally has short hair, but Han Meimei's hair is long.
M:What do they look like?
W:Sally is short, but Han Meimei is tall.
( B )6.What does Sally look like?
A.She has straight hair.
B.She has short hair.
C.She has long hair.
( A )7.Who is short, Sally or Helen?
A.Sally.  B.Helen.
C.I don't know.
听第七段材料,回答第8至9题。
听力材料:
W:Wow, Bob.Are these monkeys'stamps all yours?
M :Yes, I have been collecting them for five years.
W:How many do you have?
M:Well, I have about 24.
W:Which one do you like best?
M:I like the golden monkey best.
( B )8.How long has Bob been collecting the stamps?
A.Since he was five years old.
B.For five years.
C.Since he was nine years old.
( B )9.How many stamps does Bob have?
A.About 14.  B.About 24.
C.About 34.
听第八段材料,回答第10至12题。
听力材料:
W:Hi, Ted. What time do you usually get up in the morning?
M:I usually get up at six.
W:Do you go to school at seven?
M:Yes, I do. I usually ride a bike to school.
W:What time does school start?
M:It starts at eight o'clock.
W:When do you go home in the afternoon?
M:Well, I usually play ping&shy;pong after school, and when I get home, it is five o'clock.
( B )10.What time does Ted go to school?
A.At six in the morning.
B.At seven in the morning.
C.At eight in the morning.
( B )11.How does Ted go to school?
A.On foot.  B.By bike.
C.By bus.
( A )12.What does Ted usually do after school?
A.He usually plays ping&shy;pong
B.He usually plays games.
C.He usually plays the piano.
听第九段材料,回答第13至16题。
听力材料:
M:Well, Linda, we're coming to the  end of this week. I almost can't wait for the holiday.
W:Me, too. Tom, what are you going to do this Sunday?
M:I'm going to climb the hills with my classmates. I think I can forget about all the hard work and have a good rest. How about you?
W:I'm going to visit my uncle. You know he has a big farm in the countryside.
M:It's great. Do you often go to see him?
W:Yes. Once I am free, I will go there. The air is so fresh and everything is so quiet and clean. Will you be free next weekend? Would you like to go the re with me?
M:I'd love to, but I'm afraid I won't have time. My father is going to paint the wall and repair the roof of our house. I have to help him.
W:I see. Maybe you won't be free until summer vacation.
( A )13.What is Tom going to do this Sunday?
A.Climb the hills.
B.Go to the farm.
C.Do some housework.
( B )14.Who has a big farm?
A.Linda.  B.Linda's uncle.
C.Tom's father.
( C )15.What's Tom's father going to do next weekend?
A.Climb the hills.
B.Go to work.
C.Paint the wall.
( A )16.What're the speakers mainly talking about?
A.Their weekends.
B.Their families.
C.Their summer vacation.
听第十段材料,回答第17至20题。
听力材料:
Hi, I'm Alice. Today is June the eighteenth. It's my birthday. My friends al l come to my house. We have a birthday party. My mother buys lots of food for my party, because my friends like different foods. Cathy likes beef and carrots noodles. Lucy doesn't like noodles, but she likes tomatoes very much. Jim likes gongbao chicken. Gina likes to eat mapo tofu with rice. Lily likes mutton dumplings.
( B )17.When is Alice's birthday?
A.June 8th.  B.June 18th.
C.July 18th.
( C )18.Where does Alice have her party?
A.At a hotel.  B.At school.
C.At home.
( B )19.Who buys a lot of food for the party?
A.Alice's father.  B.Alice's mother.
C.Alice.
( A )20.Who likes beef and carrots noodles?
A.Cathy.  B.Lucy.  C.Gina.