2017届中考英语题型专题:阅读技能(课件和练习)

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课件简介:
  • 课件名称: 2017届中考英语题型专题:阅读技能(课件和练习)
  • 课件科目: 九年级英语课件
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  • 更新时间: 2017年01月08日
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第二节 阅读表达
 ,怀化五年中考命题 规律及趋势

年份 文体 话题 具体内容 段落 词数 生词
数量
2016 说明文 人物介绍 中国篮球运动员周琦的身体素质 5 193词 5
2015 记叙文 哲理故事 父亲带儿子去旅行,想 让儿子了解人们过得多么穷,但之后却达到了相反的目的 7 约220词 3
2014 记叙文  人物经历 彼特梦想拥有一个大马场,终成现实 6 约280词 1
2013 记叙文 寓言故事 狐狸拥有100个计策,而猫只有一个,但在狗面前,猫逃生了,而狐狸却落入狗口 10 约230词 5
2012 说明文 热点话题  中国食品浪费现象很严重,倡议减少食物浪费并提出建议 8 约200词 5
  回答问题型阅读技能是怀化每年中考的必考题之一,文体以记叙文为主,少量涉及说明文,围绕哲理故事、热点话题和人物生活经历话题展开,引导学生多读书多思考,关注社会热点,增强学生的学习兴趣。
回答问题型阅读技能主要以考查细节理解 题为主,其次少量涉及推理判断题和词义猜测题。文章难易程度适中,生词数量不超过5个,词数在140~220词之间。设问方式为3~5道特殊疑问句,会涉及1~2道一般疑问句。
 ,解题方法与技巧
回答问题型阅读技能题要求考生根据问题在文章中找出能回答问题的关键信息,考生需要组织语言回答问题。既考查考生的阅读技能,又考查考生在文章中提取信息的能力。考生可以从以下几个方面进行答题:
1.考生在答题之前,可先浏览短文之后的问题,这样可以在阅读的时候,有意识地留意文中出现的与问题有关的信息。
2.快速阅读短文,初步了解短文的主题及主旨大意。
3.认真细读全文,了解短文中的细节性内容,包括人物、时间、地点、事件、原因、过程、步骤、结果等,即who,which,when,where,what,why和how等基本要素信息,并作出不同的标记,以备答题时一目了然,提高答题速度和效率。
4.阅读试题中的问题,在理解题意的基础上,从文中提取所需要的相关信息进行逐一回答,认真组织语言,注意书写的清晰度与正确性,注意语言表达的 逻辑性与严密性。
5.对于具有归纳性的问题,需要对短文中的信息材料进行 甄别与筛选,综合相关信息,进行必要的转换、归纳,概括性作答,避免语言表达的繁琐与含糊,力求简洁明了。
(回答问题型阅读技能的考查方式主要为细节理解题和推理判断题,具体的方法突破可参考选择型阅读技能)

◆现学现用
Passage 1
助人为乐的故事(2014黔东南中考)
The clock struck(敲) eight,but I was still on the bed.I could hear it was blowing strongly.“It must be windy outside.” I thought.
I came to the small town a week ago.I sold some clothes to a shop.Christma s was coming and I hoped to buy some presents for my family and friends.So I tried to meet the manager and asked him to pay for the clothes.I was out of luck.He went to London and I had to wait for him here.There was no theater here but a cinema.The films were all too old.I preferred  staying in the small hotel to sitting in the cold cinema.
Half an hour later,I felt hungry.I had to get up.It was white everywhere and some children were skiing down the hill.On my way to a small restaurant,I saw a boy fall onto a rock.I ran to him quickly and carried him to a hospital.Soon his parents came here.Now I knew the boy was just the manager's son.He thanked me very much and gave me the money after we had a dinner.
1.What was the weather like today?
__It__was__windy!__
2.What did the writer come to the town for?
__He__came__to__the__town__to__ask__the__manager__to__pay__for__the__clothes.__
3.Did the writer prefer sitting in the cinema?
__No,h e__didn't.__
4.When did the writer get up?
__He__got__up__at__half__past__eight.__
5.Why did the manager thank the writer?
__Because__the__writer__saved__his__son.__
Passage 2(2015怀化中考)

 
Jimmy came from a very rich family.One day,his father took him on a trip to the countryside.He wanted to show his son how poor people lived.They spent a few days and nights with the farmers in the cou ntryside.After they came back from their trip,the father asked his son:“How did you like our trip?”
“It was  great,Dad.”
“Did you see how poor people live?”the father asked.
“Oh yeah,”the son said.
“So,tell me,what did you learn from the trip?”the father asked.
“I saw that we have one dog and they have four.We have a pool that r eaches to the middle of our garden,and they have a river that has no end.We have beautiful lights in our garden,and they have the stars at night.Our patio(平台) reaches th e front yard,and they have the whole horiz on(视野).We have a small piece of land to live on,and they have fields that go beyond their sight.We have servants who serve us,but they serve others.We buy our food,and they grow theirs.We have fences(栅栏) to protect us,and they have friends to protect them.”
The boy's father was speechless.“Thanks,Dad,for showing me how poor we are,”the son said.The father thought,“Maybe my son is right.Only those people with rich mind can live a wonderful life.”
1.Did Jimmy come from a poor family?
__No,he__didn't.__
2.Wh ere did Jimmy and his father spend a few days and nights?
__In__the__countryside.__
3.What did Jimmy think of t he trip?
__It__was__great.__
4.How many differences are mentioned between Jimmy's and the farmers' families?
__Eight__differences.__
5.What can you learn from the story?
__Only__those__people__w ith__rice__mind__can__live__a__wonderful__life.__