1．The operation turned out to be very successful, and the old man lived ________ for another nine years.
2．After ________(elect) the top leader of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping urged the officials to give up their waste－generating habits.
3．Nowadays, most people are so busy making a ________(live) that they forget to make a ________(live)．
4．As we know, China has become the largest trading partner for the ________(major) of its neighbours.
5．Young people are often compared ________ the sun of 8 o'clock.
6．The reason why he was upset was ________ her son didn't pass the final exam.
7．The player was likely ________(win) the 100－meter hurdles, but he fell to the ground and missed the chance.
8．I've got to the position where I am ________ means of hard work.
9．As senior students, it is important to keep ________ a good state of mind.
10．It is not who is right but what is right ________ is of importance.
11．Not ________(bake) any biscuits that morning, we had nothing to eat.
12．I'm afraid you have no choice but ________(come) along with us.
答案：1.on 2.being elected 3.living; life 4.majority
5．to 6.that 7.to win 8.by 9.up 10.that 11.having baked 12.to come
1．他很可能来自意大利，因为他说英语时带有明显的意大利口音。(It's likely that ...)
2．那就是大多数人喜欢看电视而不喜欢听收音机的原因。(That is why ...)
4．到汽车发明时，对大多数人来说，马车是他们的主要交通工具。(by the time引导状语从句)
5．人们相信约百分之六十的妇女在生完孩子后会返回去工作。(It's believed that ...)
1．It's likely that he is from Italy, because he speaks English with a distinct Italian accent.
2．That is why the majority of people prefer TV to radio.
3．It was during that period that immigration from Spanish－speaking countries began to increase.
4．By the time the car was invented, for most people, the carriage was their main means of transport.
5．It's believed that about 60 percent of women would return to work after having a baby.
1．He earns a living by mean of doing several kinds of work.
2．After the flood, no houses in these villages still lived.
3．The old man keeps off the old habit of going fishing in the river near his house.
4．Made a life by cleaning the streets not only brings in income but also makes her healthier.
5．By the time of next year, we will finished all the English textbooks.
1．mean→means 2.lived后加on 3.off→up 4.Made→Making 5.finished前加have
The trip to that city was eye­opening for everyone, and near its end, all the young people in our group began to reflect on what it had meant. We __1__ the first night we had arrived. We had all gone into the markets of the city __2__ the young people could experience its energy. But what we actually saw simply __3__ us all—the rundown houses, the children in rags, the people begging for money... Walking home, __4__ under a low bridge, we came across __5__ families of homeless people seeking a bit of dry ground to sleep on __6__ the night. We had to step over bodies as we found our way through the darkness.
The poverty (贫困) was __7__ than anything my young companions had ever imagined. Back in the hotel, an air of sadness settled over the group. Many __8__ and cried. Spending time in this __9__ moves a person to care about humanity.
That evening, our group spent hours talking about what we had __10__ . Gently, I encouraged everyone to talk about the difficult __11__ that day's discoveries had inspired. Sitting together __12__ a circle as everyone had a chance to speak, we all began to realize that __13__ of us was alone in our struggle to cope with our reactions.
Based on my __14__ in poverty­stricken areas, I suggested that __15__ the emotions we had were painful, they could also be important in helping us to move forward. We all __16__ that we had seen things that should never be allowed to happen. __17__ , what could we do about it? Together, we began to brainstorm ways we could help to ease the __18__ we had seen. As I encouraged group members to focus on __19__ they could do, a sense of determination __20__ the previous sadness. Instead of despair，these young people began to feel a call to action.
1．A.put up with B．got back to
C．looked back on D．made up for
2．A.now that B．so that
C．as if D．even if
8．A.gave up B．broke down
C．set off D．held on
1．解析：第一段第一句“began to reflect on”意为“开始反思(这次旅行)”，所以后面应选“look back on”意为“回顾”与“反思”近义。我们回顾了我们到达那里的第一天晚上。put up with“忍受”；get back to“返回”；make up for“弥补”。
2．解析：我们都去了这座城市的各个市场以便年轻人能体验它的活力。so that“表目的”；now that“既然”；as if“好像”；even if“即使”。
8．解析：回到旅馆，一种悲伤的情绪笼罩在大家的心头，很多人情绪崩溃，痛哭起来。give up“放弃”；break down“精神/情绪崩溃”；set off“出发”；hold on“坚持”。
12．解析：大家围坐成一圈，这样每个人都有机会发言。sit in a circle“坐成一圈”。
My staying in America was a unique opportunity for me to expose myself to the American culture and see the diversity of people's lives there.
Black, Whites, Latinos, and Asians all were in one country, all were equal, all knew it was their home，where they found or are still seeking for，their American Dream. It was amazing to be part of the culture though for one year. It was interesting to learn that the North of America is different from its South; that the West varies from the East, and the difference in people, in their perception of life, attitude toward each other, respect for the family and their roots, and of course the history of their lands. Being in about nine states in the US, from the East to the West, I could see and learn the difference first－hand.
Before going to the US, I didn't know much about the difference of the upper states and the southern states. I didn't know that the majority of the population living in California are Latinos, and every second person that one sees speaks Spanish. I didn't also know that to understand the native speaker in New York is going to be harder than understanding someone from Atlanta, GA.
When people ask me about the place I was in the US，I say, “You wouldn't know. My America is different from the America of Hollywood movies. The America I was in is quiet, small, peaceful, supportive, and unique.”
I have made a lot of friends in America，not only from the country itself, but also from many other countries. I never had a chance to be bored, never lacked an opportunity to learn about people's cultures.
America unites a variety of people on its land. It is like music bringing people together on the dance floor.
1．In the second paragraph, the writer mainly wanted to prove to us ________.
A．the equality in America
B．the cultural diversity of America
C．the big size of America
D．the influence of America
2．According to the writer's experience, we can learn that ________.
A．Spanish is widely spoken in California
B．the Southern States are mainly made up of Latinos
C．people in Atlanta speak better English than those in New York
D．it is easier for the Whites to realize their dreams in America
3．How can people learn about America best according to the writer?
A．By watching Hollywood movies.
B．By reading books which introduce America.
C．By making friends with people from America.
D．By visiting America in person.
4．The writer's staying in America can be anything but ________.
2．解析：根据第三段的“... every second person that one sees speaks Spanish.”可知A项正确。